This page contains tools and resources for flexing natural rights and freedoms that are under threat of extinction.


This section contains cutting edge tools and resources for protecting and exercising orphaned and forgotten rights. Here you will find products, services, videos, interactive maps, graphs, organizations, locators, pamphlets, infographics, fliers, and information all about your endangered rights. These include right to travel, inland checkpoint refusals, opting-out of TSA Body Scanners, Stop and Identify Laws, Land Patents and Property Rights, Right to Film Police, Jury Nullification, Open Carry and Constitutional Carry, Citizen's Arrest, Public Breast-Feeding, Cognitive Liberty and Religious Freedom and more.


Legal Empowerment tools & resources

Jury Nullification: the last defense against victimless crimes

I consider trial by jury as the only anchor ever yet imagined by man, by which a government can be held to the principles of its constitution.
— --Thomas Jefferson to Thomas Paine, 1789.

Jury Nullification is when jurors judge the law and the government, as well as the facts. While the majority are aware as jurors they can say, “On the basis of these facts the defendant is guilty" but most falsely believe jurors do not have the right to say, “On the basis of these facts the law is wrong” and vote to acquit, in fact solely on conscience. Jurors may vote to acquit because they believe that the law is being unjustly applied, or because some government conduct in the case has been so egregious that they cannot reward it with a conviction. This right of jurors can be found written in the federal constitution as well as in every state constitution. Find resources for learning, defending, and excercising jury nullification down bellow. 

what is jury nullification?

Wikipedia~ "Jury nullification of law in the United States (the term "jury nullification of law" is often shortened to "jury nullification," for purposes of brevity, even though it is the law being nullified and not the jury or its verdict) has its origins in colonial British America. Similar to British law, in the United States jury nullification occurs when a jury in a criminal case reaches a verdict contrary to the weight of evidence, sometimes because of a disagreement with the relevant law.[1] The American jury draws its power of nullification from its right to render a general verdict in criminal trials, the inability of criminal courts to direct a verdict no matter how strong the evidence, the Fifth Amendment’s Double Jeopardy Clause, which prohibits the appeal of an acquittal,[2] and the fact that jurors can never be punished for the verdict they return.[3]"

Fully Informed Jury Association

The Fully Informed Jury Association (FIJA) provides a library of resources and literature for Jury Nullification activism. They provide distributable material, posters, digital billboard designs, and how-to's for everything Jury Nullification. They have representatives all across the nation that organize outreach and events. Frontier Liberty is proud to be their representative for the Austin, Texas region. Contact Us.

jurybox

Jurybox is a project of Fiveboxes that has jury nullification literature and cards to hand out as well as other resources. They say "the Jury Box is the fourth -- and next to last -- box to use in the defence of liberty. An old saying goes: "There are five boxes to use in the defence of liberty: the soapbox, the mailbox, the ballot box, the jury box, and the ammunition box. Use them in that order."

Not Guilty: A Juror’s Guide to Protecting Good People from Bad Laws

A film project underway by Flexyourrights that illustrates the various US Constitutional rights and powers of juries, such as the option of jury nullification.

It is a film created by Flexyourrights is a 501(c)(3) educational non-profit organization that aims to educate the public about how basic Bill of Rights protections apply during encounters with law enforcement.


Stop and Identify

Click Map for "Stop and Identify" Statutes by State

Click Map for "Stop and Identify" Statutes by State

All across the united states, people are giving up the right to live freely and peacefully without unreasonable searches or seizure unless there is probable cause that individuals have committed a particular crime. Some states have made statutes that  authorize police to legally obtain the identification from an individual whom they 'reasonably suspect' to have committed a crime. These are called: "Stop and identify" statutes. But contrary to common belief, individuals do not have to turn over papers whenever a police officer wants. If a person is not reasonably suspected of committing a crime, he/she is absolutely not required to provide identification, even in states with stop and identify statutes.

It is common practice in law enforcement to exercise what is known as Permissible Deception" which is a Machiavelli "ends justify the means" approach to obtaining consent and information from you. That is why it is imperative that you know your rights and how to exercise them. The map to the left shows which states have "Stop and Identify" laws. Click on the map or here for a list of statues in every state.

ready to move on?

There are three general categories describing police interactions: consensual interactions, detention and arrest. Consensual interactionscan range from a friendly conversation to questioning but where police lack articulable facts and evidence to detain (which means to keep you there against you will) or make an arrest. Note: detain and arrest are not the same.


Arrest: Is when you are taken into custody by an officer and lawful arrest requires probable cause. In a lawful arrest, the fifth amendment has been ruled by courts to not apply. In a lawful arrrest there is no US protection against self incrimination regarding "'biographical data necessary to complete booking or pretrial services.'" — 496 U.S. at 601–602

The "Stop and Identify" statutes mentioned above pertain specifically to Detention.  In order to lawfully detain someone, an officer must have "reasonable suspicion" that he/she has committed a crime or is about to commit a crime. Reasonable suspicion is legal standard of proof that is more than an "inchoate and unparticularized suspicion or 'hunch'" and rather based on "specific and articulable facts", "taken together with rational inferences from those facts" --Terry, 392 U.S., at 21. What constitutes a Detention? The courts have ruled "We conclude that a person has been "seized" within the meaning of the Fourth Amendment only if, in view of all of the circumstances surrounding the incident, a reasonable person would have believed that he was not free to leave." — 446 U.S. at 554. Emphasis mine. Here are some additional resources on stop and identify and your rights.

know your rights: when encountering law enforcement

This booklet by the ACLU addresses what rights you have when you are stopped, questioned, arrested, or searched by law enforcement officers. It also covers airports and other points of entry into the United States as well as charitable contributions and religious or political beliefs.

BUSTED: The Citizen's Guide to Surviving Police Encounters

BUSTED: is a dramamentary that explains individuals' legal rights during a police encounters including stop and identify in various situations. It is a film created by Flexyourrights is a 501(c)(3) educational non-profit organization that aims to educate the public about how basic Bill of Rights protections apply during encounters with law enforcement.


Checkpoints and Travel

Suspiciounless inland border checkpoints have popping up all over the United States. There has been much recent debate over whether or not these checkpoints violate the U.S. Constitution. The Border Patrol says they do not, and Adriana Pinon, a lawyer for the ACLU, agrees.

Never the less, do citizens have to answer questions? How long can they hold someone there? The short answer is "no" and "2 minutes." The long answer can be found in resources bellow. 

“The courts have decided that because they are such a brief intrusion upon a person’s liberty, privacy and interests that it is constitutional," she said. But citizens do not have to answer questions without consent or probable cause. The internet is being flooded with videos of citizens refusing to answer questions at these inland checkpoints which Pinion says shows what happens when people exercise one of their fundamental rights secured in the Fifth Amendment to the US Constitution.  See the resources bellow.

Know your rights with US Border Patrol

Know your rights regarding checkpoints. This PDF is a publication created by the American Civil Liberties Association of Arizona that covers your rights when encountering border patrol at checkpoints, home, streets, the actual border and on buses etc.. "U.S. Customs & Border Protection (“CBP”), which includes the U.S. Border Patrol, claims authority to conduct operations as far as 100 miles inland from the border. However, as with all U.S. law enforcement agencies, there are many important legal limitations on what CBP can do"

Border Patrol Checkpoint pamphlet

Frontier Liberty's own literature to be used in exercising the Fourth Amendment at inland suspicionless immigration checkpoints in the US. Let the Border Patrol Agents know your intent with a pamphlet not to answer question, not to consent to further search or seizure, and with case law addressing many border patrol agents misconceptions about questioning, detention, arrest, etc... Ask the Agents to join us in changing the public view of these suspiciousless checkpoints by respecting Fourth Amendment rights and letting activists go free within two minutes.

Flex your rights

This website has information about exercising the right to travel and the fourth amendment at four different types of checkpoints encountered in the US.

Checkpoint USA

This website is dedicated to confronting roadblocks to freedom wherever they may arise. Special attention is given to physical roadblocks designed to impede the right of Americans to travel freely within the US but attention is also  given to general violations of the right to privacy.


citizens arrest

Did you know that you have the right to make an arrest if you witness a serious crime? Little known laws codified into the statues of almost every state allow citizen's to make warrant-less arrests for felonies and breaches of the peace (some even for misdemeanors like theft). Today communities and individuals remain exclusively dependent on sworn peace officers for protection, mostly for fear of legal repercussions.

But exercising such a right requires the utmost attention to one's local laws about lawful arrest, detention, what constitutes a felony crime or breach of the peace. There are some significant differences between arrests made by sworn peace officers and private citizens. Citizens arrest" is a warrant-less arrest made by someone other than a sworn peace officer. While law enforcement can detain someone based on reasonable suspicion, a private citizen cannot. Citizen arrests can only be made for crimes (typically felony) occurring in his or her presence. Also, while citizens arrests have historically made up a significant percentage of felony arrests since medieval England, private citizens are not typically afforded the same protection from liability that sworn peace officers are. A person making a citizen's arrest must assume the risk of possible lawsuits or criminal charges if it ends up being determined that the arrestor exercised unlawful restraint or a wrongful arrest; that is, if if they get the wrong guy or violate people's rights in the process.  Also, the state's codified common law typically does not provide for the use of deadly force in citizen's arrest. This is very serious and citizens arrest gets abused, laws can change.

 

Solutions Institute

Solutions Institute has compiled all the codified citizen's arrest laws by state. a very important resource for avoiding prosecution in making a citizen's arrest. Read and memorize your states laws.

how to make a citizen's arrest

An excellent how-to and introduction to citizen's arrest providing depth and insight into best practices. Composed of three parts, the how-to explores the decision to make a citizen's arrest, making the arrest, and avoiding prosecution.

Peacekeeper

The Peacekeeper App. is the "uber" of emergency protection. This app revolutionizes the way people can protect their family, their community and their country. It allows you send emergency alerts between a network of peers for quick community response to neighborhood threats, fire, theft, medical emergencies, abduction and more. It is an app in the alpha version presently; available for iphone and android.

CELL 411

Cell 411 is an app and a micro social network which allows users to quickly contact each other or groups of friends and family members in case of emergencies. The app is designed to work quickly, provide instant GPS coordinates to your entire group to the current location, offer turn-by-turn directions to the location and even stream live video. It is the uber for protection services that allows interaction of human beings in a voluntary and peaceful fashion.


Open Carry and Constitutional Carry

map from opencarry.org

map from opencarry.org

What many people mean by the term "Open Carry" is really "Constitutional Carry" which is the right to openly carry guaranteed by the "right to bear arms" secured by the Second Amendment to the US Constitution. Currently, there are only 4 states that are respecting this (see map on right). Al the others have made it an offence enforcible at the state level to open carry without permission from government.

Open Carry is a hot issue for activists seeking to ward off the gun control legislation piggybacking on questionable shootings sweeping the nation. The principal constitutional carry activists are exercising is that the moral responsibility should remain with the people not the objects used by people. Pencils don't misspell words.

OpenCarry.org

OpenCarry.org was founded in 2004 by Virginia residents John Pierce and Mike Stollenwerk to be a pro-gun Internet community focused on the right to openly carry properly holstered handguns in daily American life. They have comprehensive list of open carry laws by state as well as maps regarding concealed carry, open carry and constitutional carry, age restrictions, airport carry, and more.

usa carry

USA Carry has tools resources and information regarding concealed carry in the united states.


filming & police acountability

It is common practice in law enforcement to exercise permissible deception and lie in order to get people to  consent or cooperate. Fortunately, for filming the police and documenting their activities, your right has been affirmed in all states at across local to federal levels (update: Iowa it is a felony now). While some states have statutes 2 party consent for audio recording, video recording IS allowed all geographic locations within the US. (see maps). Filming of police encounters is one way we can create the police accountability current systems do not support.

Click map to enlarge

Click map to enlarge

click map to enlarge

click map to enlarge

CopBlock.org offers a platform for sharing videos for the purpose of promoting police accountability. CobBlock is a resource for the education of individual rights through the dissemination of different viewpoints and tactics that seek to curtail the all-too-common rights-violations and unaccountability that today exists. They cover filming the police in depth and are a great resource for guidelines and information that is useful for those filming police encounters.

The Free Thought Project

The Free Thought Project is a police accountability site that raises awareness about police brutality, badge abuse, filming police and more.

Copwatch 

Cop Watch is a network of activist organizations across the US and Canada that monitor and videotape police activity in the interest of holding the police accountable in the event of police misconduct. "Copwatchers" go out on foot or driving patrols in their communities and record interactions between the police and civilians with the hope that monitoring police activity will provide a deterrent against police misconduct.

Peaceful Streets Project

Peaceful Streets Project is a volunteer run and grassroots organization with the vision to end state-sponsored institutionalized violence in the streets. They offer free training sessions on knowing your rights in police encounters and on recording police activity safely and responsibly, “Police Complaint Department” events in public spaces to enable people to go on record with their stories of police abuse, “cop watch” actions (peacefully video-witnessing police activity to assist those who may be victims of police misconduct), Annual Police Accountability Summit, featuring a free, full day of workshops, speakers, and live testimonies of experiences of police abuse where h has handed our hundreds of video cameras to participants, and a website where police accountability recordings can be uploaded to a database.


opt-out of Airport Body Scanners

Contrary to common opinion, refusal to cooperate with TSA security procedures involving invasive body scanners will not result in the disallowance to board your flight, detention, or any consequence at all. The TSA has been forced to create an alternative procedure for fliers which in TSA jargon is called "opting-out." One simply needs to inform TSA Agents of one's wish to "opt-out" and one will be allowed to bypass security scanners and take a quick pat -down before being allowed to continue on ones way.

right to opt-out flier

This is Frontier Liberty 's opt-out flier. It can be used to spread information about peoples right to opt out of body scanners at airport security and fun facts about TSA and the scanners. Sources are provided.


Right to travel

As far back as the circuit court ruling in Corfield v. Coryell, 6 Fed. Cas. 546 (1823), the Supreme Court recognized freedom of movement as a fundamental Constitutional right. According to individuals like Steve Mount in "Things That Are Not In the U.S. Constitution," the right to travel was thought to be so fundamental during the drafting of the Constitution as not needing explicit enumeration. This right can be likened to the right to  breathe, or eat.

For much of our history, the right to travel included the right to travel by the vehicle of one's choice, and regulation that required licenses or government permission to travel on public roads were struck down by courts. With the advent of the (questionably defined) "motor vehicle," however, courts began upholding laws and regulations requiring licenses to operate "motor vehicles" on roads. According to constitutional scholar Roger Roots, the right to travel without license has become "the orphaned right;" a right we have long forgotten now.

More recently, individuals across multiple continents have begun questioning the legitimacy of regulations restricting something as essential as the ordinary travel required for daily life in modern culture. They argue that The various state titles cannot be properly applied to the individual when within the individuals right to liberty is intrinsically the right to travel. Thus any cart-blonc restraint on the individual's right to travel is ipso-facto an undue restraint on his liberty. Here are some resources on exercising the right to travel.

The Orphaned right: The Right to Travel by Auto-mobile .PDF

The Orphaned right: The Right to Travel by Auto-mobile by Roger Roots J.D PhD. was published in the Oklahoma City University Law Review explores in depth the battle between drivers and automobile regulators over travel on public roadways.

Freedom School

Freedom School has an extensive database of tools and resources including, information, articles, compiled caselaw, scripts and tools for winnng in court etc... useful in the exercise of an individual's right to travel on public roadways.

Traffic stop practice script

Provided by Former Nacogdoches Sheriffs Deputy Eddie Craig and Tao of Law, this traffic stop practice script is to help you establish and maintain your rights during traffic stops and other encounters with police.

cross examination practice script (transportation cases)

Provided by Former Nacogdoches Sheriffs Deputy Eddie Craig and Tao of Law, this cross examination practice script is designed to guide you through cross-examination in court in transportation cases pertaining to right to travel.

red-light camera special appearance letter

Provided by Former Nacogdoches Sheriffs Deputy Eddie Craig and Tao of Law, this red light camera special appearance letter template is to be used in the defense against witnessless victimless accusations.


Common law marriage

Many are unaware that it is not necessary to ge ta "license" to be married and that in the process, there is a significant loss of rights when the state becomes a party to the agreements.  Sui Juris is a latin phrase. Sui Juris, according to "Collins English Dictionary". HarperCollins Publishers. 2003. ismeans "law of full age and not under disability; legally competent to manage one's own affairs; independent [from Latin, literally: of one's own right]." It is also in most respects synonymous with common law marriage. Common law marriage is a legal framework in a limited number of jurisdictions where a couple is considered lawefuly married, without having the loss of rights which accompanies marriage licenses granted by political or religious institutions in civil or religious marriages. One only needs look at the legal definition of the term "license" to begin to understand.

"License" is: "the permission granted by competent authority to exercise a certain privilege that, without such authorization, would constitute an illegal act, a Trespass or a tort.

Marriage license - A license or permission granted by public authority to persons who intend to intermarry... By statute in most jurisdictions, it is made an essential prerequisite to lawful solemnization of the marriage." -Black's Law Dictionary, 6th Ed [1991] (which is the one used in a Family Law court)

Intermarry - See Miscegenation. -Black's Law Dictionary (6th Ed)

Miscegenation - Mixture of races. Term formerly applied to marriage between persons of a different race. [Now called "intermarry".] Statutes prohibiting marriage between persons of different races have been held to be invalid as contrary to equal protection clause of the Constitution. -Black's Law Dictionary (6th Ed)

The marriage license was intended for "illegal" marriages between people of different races once upon a time. While licensing is NOT a requirement in order for a couple to evidence that they are married, it has become customary because of perceived legitimacy conferred to couples who choose state or church certified marriages. This legitimacy affords couples the easy road to many public and private benefits such as company insurance policy, tax benefits, life insurance and death benefits, etc.. The cons are, the state or church becomes not only a party to the contract but a superior party in it, and there is a significant loss of liberty that results.

State governments may not properly override parental decisions or terminate custody, unless 1) parents delegate their authority to the state voluntarily and knowingly, or 2) the state demonstrates through appropriate due process that there is clear and convincing evidence that the parents have triggered state parens patriae interests by placing their children in clear and present danger. C.f. Croft v. Westmoreland County Children & Youth Servs., 103 F.3d 1123 (3d. Cir. 1997).

Does a state marriage license submit parents authority to the state? Illinois Appellate Court judgment from 1997: Appellate Court of Illinois, NO. 5-97-0108: Van Koten v. Van Koten. 154 N.E. 146.

Marriage is a civil contract to which there are three parties-the husband, the wife and the state… When two people decide to get married, they are required to first procure a license from the State. If they have children of this marriage, they are required by the State to submit their children to certain things, such as school attendance and vaccinations. Furthermore, if at some time in the future the couple decides the marriage is not working, they must petition the State for a divorce. Marriage is a three-party contract between the man, the woman, and the State.“

Here are tools and resources for Sui Juris Marriage and how to to for couples to approach marriage in the pursuit of retaining their parental and other rights.

Here is a compilation of  relevant case law in the US regarding Parens Patrie and marriage.This list is by no means comprehensive, rather it is intended to be a starting point.

Angelfire

Angel Fire is a great resource on The Doctrine of Parens Patriae, Fundamental Right to Direct the Upbringing of One's Child, Convergence of Parent's Rights and Interests with the Child's Rights and Interests, Parent Liberty Doctrine, Child Liberty Doctrine and Family liberty doctrine.

Common law Marriage, and its Development, In the United States

This book is probably the most cited source in all articles and online resources regarding Sui Juris and common law marriage in the US.

common law marriage

Common Law Marriage is a PDF resource on the validity of marriage and common law.


public Breast-feeding

The right to nurse your child whenever and wherever is being lost, due to societal pressure and a lack of legal knowledge. Often, many mothers are asked to cover up or are given a hard time and asked to leave restaurants, shops and parks because they’re nursing. Public nursing is often seen as nudity or indecent exposure. It is a crime of prudish the Victorian Era; shaming victims for unsanctioned exposure of genitalia. The truth is that the law explicitly protects moms who breastfeed in public in almost all 50 states. Forty-seven states, DC and the Virgin Islands have laws that specifically protect breastfeed in any public or private location. South Dakota and Virginia, though they do not have laws explicitly allowing breastfeeding in public, do clearly and unequivocally exempt breastfeeding moms from public indecency or nudity laws, contrary to common opinion. Idaho has yet to pass any laws protecting mothers right to nurse.

The National Conference on State Legislatures (ncsl)

The National Conference on State Legislatures provides a fairly up to date list of breast feeding laws by stateas well as other resources on nursing in public and the workplace.

Pregnant, Post-partum and breastfeeding workers

The ACLU American Civil Liberties Union has composed a guide addresses common issues facing pregnant and breastfeeding workers, nursing in the workplace, etc...

nursing freedom

Nursing Freedom is a blog that has information and resources that are fairly up to date regarding breast feeding in public, nursing activism or "lactivism" as it is called, and related topics.

breastfeeding law

breastfeeding law

breastfeeding law is another useful resource concerning breastfeeding law in the United States.

United States Breast-Feeding Committee (USBC)

The USBC is a coalition of more than 50 organizations that support its mission to drive collaborative efforts for policy and practices that create a landscape of breastfeeding support across the United States.


Cognitive Liberty & Religious Freedom

During the Prohibition he Catholic Church had to fight for its right to use the then scheduled substance alcohol as its sacramental wine in its ceremonies. Since then, many more religious groups have won the right in court to use otherwise scheduled substances in their ceremonies and their members afforded protection including the Okleva Native American Church, UDV, Santo Daime, and others.

The Oklevueha Native American Church

The Oklevueha Native American Church won the right of its members to use various sacraments in their ceremonies at the federal level and in some states. People v. Woody (1964), Native American Church of New York v United States (1979), Oregon v. Smith (1990), On June 23, 2004, the Utah Supreme Court ruled that a federal exemption for peyote-using members of the Native American Church must be interpreted as applying to non-Indians and Indians alike. Utah’s Controlled Substances Act incorporates the federal exemption, ruled the court, and because the plain language of the federal exemption is not limited to Indians, it must be read as applicable to Linda and James Mooney, both of whom are non-Indian members of the Native American Church. See here for chart on state exemptions>>>

Membership application open to general public (subject to approval), is open to non tribal members.

Centro Espírita Beneficente União do Vegetal (UDV)

UDV also won the right of its members to use their sacrament Hoasca in ceremonies in the US jurisdiction. On February 21, 2006 the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision affirming Religious Liberty in the case of Gonzales vs. O Centro Espirita Beneficente União do Vegetal. There are many branches around the world.

Membership in the US is invitation only.

Santo Daime

September 2008, the three Oregon Santo Daime churches filed suit in federal court to gain legal status. Their trial ended January 23, 2009. The case, Church of the Holy Light of the Queen b. Mukasey, presided over by Judge Owen M. Panner, ruled in favor of the Santo Daime church. In March 2009, Judge Panner found that the use of hallucinogenic tea by members of such churches was legal, issuing an injunction barring the government from penalizing them for its consumption. At this time there have been no other incidences or court cases in other states. At the federal level, court battles over ritual use of ayahuasca have mostly been fought by the UDV. So far, the UDV has been able to continue practicing legally because of the Supreme Court decisions that soundly rejected attempts by the government to prohibit it. Many branches exist around the world.

Membership in the US is invitation only.

The Ambrosia Society

The central sacrament of the Ambrosia Society is the Amanita Muscara or Fly Agaric Mushroom. At this time their sacrament is not Scheduled. There are no known court cases or prosecutions to date. One branch exists in Texas.

Membership is open to the public (subject to approval).